father of shah jahanAurangzeb refused to accommodate such ostentation. Although Shah Jahan fully recovered from his illness, Aurangzeb declared him incompetent to rule and put him under house arrest in Agra Fort.  Under his reign, the Mughal Empire reached the peak of its cultural glory. One of the most beautiful evidence of love on Earth, it seems. Aurangzeb, the third son, gathered a well-trained army and became its chief commander. It was also an honour for the empress as Shuja was a special favourite of his grandfather. Silver rupee coin of Shah Jahan, from Patna. Shah Jahan appointed Aurangzeb as Viceroy of the Deccan, consisting of Khandesh, Berar, Telangana, and Daulatabad. Shah Jahan was considered the most competent of Emperor Jahangir's four sons. It is believed that the mosaic work of Jagmandir inspired him to use mosaic work in the Taj Mahal of Agra. A rebellion of the Sikhs led by Guru Hargobind took place and in return Shah Jahan ordered the destruction of the Sikh gurudwara in Lahore. Before her death, she gave away all her money to the poor and needy. Despite these episodes, the reign of Shah Jahan was generally a peaceful period during which the Empire was stable, politically. Inheritance of power and wealth in the Mughal empire was not determined through primogeniture, but by princely sons competing to achieve military successes and consolidating their power at court. Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram was born on 5 January 1592 in Lahore, in modern-day Pakistan, and was the third son of Prince Salim (later known as 'Jahangir' upon his accession). (R V Somani 1976). Lahore's Wazir Khan Mosque is considered to be the most ornate Mughal-era mosque.. After Akbar's death in 1605, the young prince was allowed to return to his father's household, and thus, be closer to his biological mother. Shah Jahan, with the help of Jahanara, raped Mumtaz’s brother Shaista Khan’s wife several times. He obtained control of Prince Khurram's three sons who were under her care. The body was taken to the Taj Mahal and was interred there next to the body of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.. He survived in the war of succession.  He was laid to rest next to his wife in the Taj Mahal. When his father died in 1627, he went to Agra to claim the throne after killing all potential rivals the following year, he was crowned and he assumed the throne on 24th January 1628. But according to court chroniclers, his relationship with his other wives was more out of political consideration, and they enjoyed only the status of being royal wives. He faced Dara's army nea… Shah Jahan's first child born to his first wife. This She was the most influential of Shah Jahan's daughters after Jahanara Begum and sided with Aurangzeb during the war of succession. Shah Jahan’s eldest daughter, Jahanara Begum, voluntarily accompanied her father and took care of him in his old age. Shuja, the second eldest was appointed governor of Bengal in 1637, and kept good control over that turbulent province for the next two decades. Historiography and the arts were instruments of propaganda, allowing the emergence of fine works of art or poetry that magnified the specific public ideology of the Mughals. He was also Khalifat Panahi ("Refuge of the Caliphate"), but Zill-i Allahi, or the "Shadow of God on Earth". They met in their youth. The name "Khurram" (joyous) was chosen for the young prince by his grandfather, Emperor Akbar, with whom the young prince shared a close relationship. The family's patriarch was Mirza Ghiyas Beg, who was also known by his title I'timād-ud-Daulah or "Pillar of the State". The young girl belonged to an illustrious Persian noble family that had been serving Mughal Emperors since the reign of Akbar.  Shah Jahan recovered from his illness, but Emperor Aurangzeb put his father under house arrest in Agra Fort from July 1658 until his death in January 1666. Shah Jahan died on 22 January 1666. Born Prince Khurram, he was the son of Emperor Jahangir and his Hindu Rajput wife, Taj Bibi Bilqis Makani (13 May 1573 – 18 April 1619).. He was a staunch Muslim who was intolerant to Hindus.  Although an able military commander, Shah Jahan is best remembered for his architectural achievements. Like his Father, Humayun was a frequent user of Opium. He was proclaimed emperor at Agra on Feb. 4, 1628. In fact, Jahangir's wife had become, over the years, the true governess of the Empire, her husband having fallen into drugs such as opium and alcohol. He was an able ruler and a competent administrator who aimed at expanding the Mughal Empire. The mosque is built with red bricks with blue coloured glaze tiles probably imported from another Sindh's town of Hala. GPS : 27° 10'30.05" North / 78° 2'31.76" West.  E. Dewick and Murray Titus, quoting Badshahnama, write that 76 temples in Benares were demolished on Shah Jahan's orders. The diamond in question, which appeared in a 1985 Christie’s sale in Geneva, is a pink-toned 56-carat table cut of a ‘spectacular’ nature. Upon his accession, he adopted new policies which reversed Akbar's treatment of non-Muslims. Succeeded his father as the sixth Mughal emperor after emerging victorious in the war of succession that took place after Shah Jahan's illness in 1657. When Khurram's fa… He also had the Peacock Throne, Takht e Taus, made to celebrate his rule. Shah Jahan also placed profound verses of the Quran on his masterpieces of architecture. Begum was aging and had been unable to bear children, so Akbar wanted to finally fulfill her wish with a son. Shah Jahan was particularly outraged by the activities of Jesuits in that region, notably when they were accused of abducting peasants. Upon learning of his assumption of the regency, his younger brothers, Shuja, Viceroy of Bengal, and Murad Baksh, Viceroy of Gujarat, declared their independence and marched upon Agra in order to claim their riches. Shahanshah Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram, Malik-ul-Sultanat, Ala Hazrat Abu'l-Muzaffar Shahab ud-din Muhammad Shah Jahan I, Sahib-i-Qiran-i-Sani, Padshah Ghazi Zillu'llah, Firdaus-Ashiyani, Shahanshah—E—Sultanant Ul Hindiya Wal Mughaliya, Jahangir, Tuzk-e-Jahangiri; The Emperor's memoirs, Sufism and Society: Arrangements of the Mystical in the Muslim World, 1200–1800 edited by John Curry, Erik Ohlander, Page 141, Nasir-ud-din Muhammad Humayun, Mughal Emperor, Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar, Mughal Emperor, Nur-ud-din Muhammad Jahangir, Mughal Emperor, "The World Economy (GDP) : Historical Statistics by Professor Angus Maddison", Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, "Monument of Love or Symbol of Maternal Death: The Story Behind the Taj Mahal", "The 5 most dominant economic empires of all time", "A Qutub Minar that not many knew even existed", "The Architecture of the Mughal Empire (North-Western Regions)", Shah Jahan's 353rd death anniversary observed at Taj Mahal at TwoCircles.net, History of Islam in India at IndiaNest.com, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shah_Jahan&oldid=996426721, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles with incomplete citations from March 2015, Articles with incomplete citations from September 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. , coming after Bâbur, Humâyûn, Akbar and Jahangir including the Red Fort and the poor control Prince. 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