conclusion of akbar religious policy

But he preferred to win them over by peaceful gestures. Meanwhile the Bhakti movement had created a new atmosphere in India. However, his religious views went through a process of slow evolution. Probably even more important to his ordinary subjects, Akbar in 1563 repealed a special tax placed on Hindu pilgrims who visited sacred sites, and in 1564 he completely repealed the jizya , or yearly tax on non-Muslims. The teaching was similar to those of the Hindu Saints. Akbar practiced tolerance aimed at Hindu-Muslim unification through the introduction of a new religion known as Din-i-Ilahi. Religious policies of Jahangir The liberal character of the state instituted by Akbar was maintained during the first half of the 17th century, though with a few lapses under Jahangir, and with some modifications by Shah Jahan. He practiced the tenets of Islam as a devout Muslim—prayed five times a day, kept fast in the holy month of Ramazan and honored the Ulemas of Islam. Akbar proceeded step by step. After listening to all of them Akbar came to the conclusion the essence of all religions is one and the same. As a good Muslim sovereign, Akbar would tell his pupils to follow the true path of Islam. He succeeded in bringing the majority of the Rajput kingdoms under his authority. Akbar’s Rajput Policy Akbar’s alliance with the Rajputs began as a political coalition but later, it developed into an instrument of closer relations between Hindus and Muslims which formed the basis for a broad liberal tolerant policy towards all, irrespective … He soon evolved a new religion of his own described as Din-i-Ilahi. Akbar was shrewd enough to realize that the brave Rajputs who were in possession of large parts of the country could be won over only by liberal treatment. His treatment with the Hindus was very tolerant. Akbar the Great, Muslim emperor of India, established a sprawling kingdom through military conquests but is known for his policy of religious tolerance. Abu Faz’l informs us about the abolishment of jiziya in the year 1564, and also the abolishme… Along with his military conquests, he introduced a series of reforms to consolidate his power. It was in such a condition that Akbar decided to take upon himself the authority of setting religious disputes. However, his religious views went through a process of slow evolution. He introduced his pupil to the works of the Persian Sufi mystics. To preserve peace and order in a religiously and culturally diverse empire, he adopted policies that won him the support of his non-Muslim subjects. His Rajput wives and his contact with Hinduism made an impression on his imaginative mind. He moved forward from this stage towards universal toleration. Akbar was a Muslim, and like a true Muslim he had respect for all religious faiths. He truly felt that since very religion pointed towards God there is no point why the people belonging to different religions should not live peacefully. It has been justly observed that “the Empire of Akbar was, in fact, the outcome of the co-ordination of Mughal powers and diplomacy and Rajput valor and service”. Though born and brought up as a Sunni, he had never held orthodox views. Babur had won the battle of Khanua. He followed the policy of “Sulh-i-Kuls” or peace with all. He was unable to break the power and pride of Mewar. However, his religious views went through a process of slow evolution. He wanted to unite the diverse races of India into one nation. Therefore, this feeling had led him early in his reign to initiate the policy of “ Sulh-i-Kul”. But he also believed in the efficiency of diplomacy. It was confined to a selected few. In fact, Akbar never denied the authority of the Koran. Akbar adopted a liberal religious policy. People tended to develop more religious tolerance towards one another. The later Mughals followed Akbar but violation of his policy went unbated many a times leading to the complete downfall of the theory of "divine religion" propounded by Akbar during the regnal years of Aurangzeb. In the first 20 years of his reign, he made serious departures from the traditional Sunni system of government. With his parents in exile in Persia, little Akbar was raised No one followed and accused each other of falsehood. He thus became the temporal as well as the spiritual head of the state. The religious policy of Akbar is known as 'Din-e-ilahi', which literally means the integrity of all the religions. Without further ado, let us discuss Akbar Religious Policy: As an enlightened ruler, Akbar based his rule on a firm foundation. Between 1556 and 1562, Akbar remained a staunch Sunni Muslim. Indo-Muslim culture. He himself married the daughter of Raja Bharmal of Amber and gave her complete freedom to practice her own Hindu religious rights. It was on the basis of this belief that he offered to enter into matrimonial alliances with the Rajput families. It was also known as the principle of peace with all, ie peaceful behavior with all. Akbar’s religious policy of harmony, reconciliation, and synthesis among all the religions did not develop all of a sudden. To unify the vast Mughal state, Akbar established a centralised system of administration throughout his empire and adopted a policy of conciliating conquered rulers through marriage and diplomacy. This may have had political motivations as Akbar needed a Mughal base in Rajasthan. With this edict, Akbar’s judgment was set above every legal and religious authority, so it was the promulgation of the doctrine of Imperial infallibility. RELIGIOUS POLICIES Akbar followed a policy of religious tolerance and believed in administering equal justice to the followers of all religion. Moreover, it also led to the growth of a new type of art popularly known as Indo-Muslim Art. Akbar and his religious policy Akbar is often considered as national king who united all sections of the people and he is also said to have been secular ruler who kept his personal religious ideas from framing state policies and adopted policy of religious tolerance. But it would be a mistake to suppose that Akbar’s Rajput policy was wholly successful. His mother was a Shia and so was his protector and guardian Bairam Khan. This proclamation is wrongly translated as an infallibility decree. His ideal was a grand synthesis of all that he considered to be the best in different religions. The non-Muslims, religious … this article explains in detail Akbar religious policy of “ Sulh-i-Kul ” by... 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